Aerodynamic and heat-transfer measurements were acquired using a modern stage and high-pressure turbine operating at design corrected conditions and pressure ratio. These measurements were performed using the Ohio State University Gas Turbine Laboratory Turbine Test Facility. The research program utilized an uncooled turbine stage for which all three airfoils are heavily instrumented at multiple spans to develop a full database at different Reynolds numbers for code validation and flow-physics modeling. The pressure data, once normalized by the inlet conditions, was insensitive to the Reynolds number. The heat-flux data for the high-pressure stage suggests turbulent flow over most of the operating conditions and is Reynolds number sensitive. However, the heat-flux data do not scale according to flat plat theory for most of the airfoil surfaces. Several different predictions have been done using a variety of design and research codes. In this work, comparisons are made between industrial codes and an older code called UNSFLO-2D initially published in the late 1980’s. The comparisons show that the UNSFLO-2D results at midspan are comparable to the modern codes for the time-resolved and time-averaged pressure data, which is remarkable given the vast differences in the processing required. UNSFLO-2D models the entropy generated around the airfoil surfaces using the full Navier-Stokes equations, but propagates the entropy invisicidly downstream to the next blade row, dramatically reducing the computational power required. The accuracy of UNSFLO-2D suggests that this type of approach may be far more useful in creating time-accurate design tools, than trying to utilize full time-accurate Navier-Stokes codes which are often currently used as research codes in the engine community, but have yet to be fully integrated into the design system due to their complexity and significant processor requirements.
Aerodynamic and Heat-flux Measurements with Predictions on a Modern One and One-Half State High Pressure transonic Turbine
Haldeman, C. W., Dunn, M. G., Barter, J. W., Green, B. R., and Bergholz, R. F. (March 1, 2004). "Aerodynamic and Heat-flux Measurements with Predictions on a Modern One and One-Half State High Pressure transonic Turbine." ASME. J. Turbomach. July 2005; 127(3): 522–531. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1861916
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