The subject of this paper is about the study of the operation modes and the singularity conditions of the 3-PRS parallel manipulator with different arrangements of prismatic joints. The three prismatic joints of the PRS legs are attached to the base with an angle α between the horizontal plane of the base and their directions.
By using an algebraic approach, namely the Study kinematic mapping of the Euclidean group SE(3), the mechanisms are described by a set of eight constraint equations. A primary decomposition is computed over a set of eight constraint equations and reveals that the 3-PRS manipulators with different arrangements of prismatic joints have identical operation modes, namely x0 = 0 and x3 = 0. Both operation modes are analysed.
The singularity conditions are obtained by deriving the determinant of the Jacobian matrix of the eight constraint equations. All the singular configurations are mapped onto the joint space and are geometrically interpreted. The singularity loci of the 3-PRS parallel manipulators are also traced in its orientation workspace for different values of angle α.