Unlike homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) that has the complexity in controlling the start of combustion event, partially premixed combustion (PPC) provides the flexibility of defining the ignition timing and combustion phasing with respect to the time of injection. In PPC, the stratification of the charge can be influenced by a variety of methods such as number of injections (single or multiple injections), injection pressure, injection timing (early to near TDC injection), intake boost pressure, or combination of several factors. The current study investigates the effect of these factors when testing two gasoline-like fuels of different reactivity (defined by Research Octane Number or RON) in a 1.9-L inline 4-cylinder diesel engine. From the collection of engine data, a full factorial analysis was created in order to identify the factors that most influence the outcomes such as the location of ignition, combustion phasing, combustion stability, and emissions. Furthermore, the interaction effect of combinations of two factors or more was discussed with the implication of fuel reactivity under current operating conditions. The analysis was done at both low (1000 RPM) and high speed (2000 RPM). It was found that the boost pressure and air/fuel ratio have strong impact on ignition and combustion phasing. Finally, injection-timing sweeps were conducted whereby the ignition (CA10) of the two fuels with significantly different reactivity were matched by controlling the boost pressure while maintaining a constant lambda (air/fuel equivalence ratio).

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